The Black Corridor, photo: Citadel Berlin, Friedhelm Hoffmann

A masterpiece of Renaissance architecture


Spandau Citadel is considered one of the most important and best preserved Renaissance fortresses in Europe. It stands on an area that was already fortified with a stone castle in the Middle Ages. With the development of firearms, the Spandau castle no longer offered protection. Thus, from 1560 to 1594, the Brandenburg Elector Joachim II had a modern defensive fortress built as western protection for the residential city of Berlin-Cölln.

The specially engaged Italian architects Francesco Chiaramella de Gandino and Rochus zu Lynar designed a symmetrical complex with four bastions, completely surrounded by water. The ramparts and the defense galleries underneath were designed and equipped in such a way that attackers could be detected from anywhere and taken under fire.

The battlements can be visited during guided tours in the summer. A walk on the ramparts is an experience all year round.

The Commander’s House with the Julius Tower in the background, photo: Citadel Berlin, Friedhelm Hoffmann


Learn more about the moving and eventful history of Spandau Castle.



Impressive buildings from the 16th century to the 20th century


Julius Tower

The oldest building in Berlin was built at the beginning of the 13th century.